Cranes, owls, hawks and more
Pandemics, apparently, are for the birds. COVID-19 has been no good to us, but the lockdowns of its early days may have actually helped our avian friends. More of us paused to appreciate them, judging by the way seed and supply sales took off and the numbers of participants in counts and identification seminars soared.
When she was a student learning online in 2020 and 2021, and president of NAIT’s biological sciences student club, Bianca Huget (Biological Sciences Technology – Conservation Biology '21) took solace in birdwatching.
“It was a chance for me to pull away from my computer for at least an hour and take a break,” she says. “Furthermore, birdwatching inspired me to leave my house and explore new places in the Edmonton area.”
Those benefits still apply, and fall is a particularly special time for watching. Birds make migratory stops in the Edmonton area on their way south, prepare for liftoff after spending the summer in the city, or even arrive to overwinter in Alberta.
Here, Huget and Biological Sciences Technology instructor Laurie Hunt share a few notable species to spot from the comfort of your own home or in the great outdoors. Both are great places to escape computers and offices under any circumstances.
5 birds to watch for in Alberta in the fall
Sandhill crane – Huget calls this “an elegant bird” for its long legs and bill. They visit marshy areas across North America to breed and raise young before heading to the southern United States and northern Mexico for winter. They’re pleasantly noisy birds. “The sandhill cranes are one of my favourites,” says Hunt, “as their calls fill the evening skies at this time of year.”
Snowy owl – Not every bird leaves town come fall; some just arrive. Like NAIT's official mascot (a.k.a. ookpik)! “The snowy owls often make central Alberta their home for the winter months,” says Hunt. Compared to the Arctic, from which they came, Edmonton is a balmy alternative.
American tree sparrow – This is “a chatty bird with a lovely song,” says Huget. Males have reddish brown feathers on their heads and wings. Catch the sparrows passing through after breeding season in northern Canada and Alaska as they head to northern and central U.S. They tend to fly at night, en masse.
Red-tailed hawk – You’ll know this hawk by the circular path it flies while hunting, says Huget – that, and its distinctive white belly and red tail feathers. They breed in Canada and the northern U.S. before heading to the central states, northern Mexico and sometimes Cuba.
Common yellowthroat – These colourful birds come to central and northern Canada to breed before heading as far south as Central America for winter. They may not be as common as their name suggests, as not all members of the species make the journey; some never leave the southern U.S. and Mexico. But if they do, their distinctive yellow feathers (males have a black mask, Huget points out) make them hard to miss.
How you can help migrating birds
For a glimpse of what it takes to make the long trip south, Hunt recommends watching local robin and warbler populations. “At this time of the year they are busy fuelling up on the remaining insects, seeds and berries, and getting ready for their fall marathons,” she says. Here's how she suggests we can help them:
- Leave seed heads on plants for birds to eat
- Leave leaf and plant material on the ground to attract insects for them
- Clean bird baths and provide fresh water
- Keep cats – keen bird hunters – indoors
- Consider using bird deterrents on windows, such as CollidEscape Clear Bird Tape
Where to see migrating birds in the fall in the Edmonton area
Looking for a prime spot to walk and birdwatch? Here are a few of Biological Sciences Technology instructor, Laurie Hunt’s favourite haunts, many of them within the Beaver Hills Biosphere, a natural area located a short drive east of Edmonton:
- Elk Island National Park – Bison aren’t the only attraction at Elk Island (or elk, of course). Keep an eye and ear out for roughly 250 bird species as you stroll any of roughly a dozen trails.
- Beaverhill Lake Heritage Rangeland – As one of Alberta’s 43 Important Bird Areas, Beaverhill Lake offers refuge for threatened birds, large groups and more. Naturally, it also offers opportunities for watching them, including Snow Geese as they migrate.
- Miquelon Lake Provincial Park – Referred to by some as a “birdwatcher’s paradise,” visitors can expect to see any of roughly 200 species, including swans, red-tailed hawks, great-horned owls and more.
- Cooking Lake-Blackfoot Recreation Area – You’ll find 200 species of birds here as well, including a colony of great blue herons. If you happen across either of the two pairs of trumpeter swans, consider yourself lucky, as they are the rarest of all swans. Be careful not to disturb them.
- Clifford E. Lee Nature Sanctuary – Don't forget this spot southwest of Edmonton, says Biological Sciences Technology student Bianca Huget. There's an impressive collection of birds that make their home here year round, as well as plenty of waterfowl during the summer.
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